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MONDAY, May 16, 2022 (HealthDay News) -- During omicron predominance, the estimated vaccine effectiveness (VE) of the BNT162b2 two-dose vaccination among children and adolescents was modest and decreased rapidly, according to a study published online May 13 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

MONDAY, May 16, 2022 (HealthDay News) -- Approximately one-quarter of prostate cancer and bladder cancer patients requiring treatment or other ancillary care during the pandemic reported change, delay, or cancellation of care, according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the American Urological Association, held from May 13 to 16 in New Orleans.

MONDAY, May 16, 2022 (HealthDay News) -- Transplantation of kidneys from COVID-19-positive donors is safe, with outcomes comparable to kidneys from noninfected donors, according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the American Urological Association, held from May 13 to 16 in New Orleans.

MONDAY, May 16, 2022 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are more likely to have coronary heart disease (CHD), but no specific phenotypes have a higher risk, according to a study published online April 27 in PLOS ONE.

MONDAY, May 16, 2022 (HealthDay News) -- Hypertension and arterial stiffness (AS) are associated with the risk for diabetes, with the highest risk seen for those with both hypertension and AS, according to a study published online May 16 in Hypertension.

MONDAY, May 16, 2022 (HealthDay News) -- Hispanic patients presenting to the emergency department with chest pain wait longer to be treated, admitted, or discharged, according to a study presented at the American Heart Association Quality of Care and Outcomes Research 2022 Scientific Sessions, held from May 13 to 14 in Reston, Virginia.

MONDAY, May 16, 2022 (HealthDay News) -- Younger adults with prediabetes mellitus (pDM) have an increased risk for type 1 myocardial infarction (T1MI) hospitalization, according to a study presented at the American Heart Association Quality of Care and Outcomes Research 2022 Scientific Sessions, held from May 13 to 14 in Reston, Virginia.

MONDAY, May 16, 2022 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) but a normal body mass index are more likely to have cardiovascular disease than those who are overweight or obese, according to a study presented at the 2022 Digestive Disease Week, held from May 21 to 24 in San Diego.

MONDAY, May 16, 2022 (HealthDay News) -- In a clinical practice guideline issued by the American Society for Radiation Oncology and published online May 6 in Practical Radiation Oncology, updated recommendations are presented regarding the use of radiation for treating brain metastases.

MONDAY, May 16, 2022 (HealthDay News) -- As the United States mourns one million deaths from COVID-19, a new study indicates the grim tally could have been worse. Use of the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine prevented more than 110,000 deaths and 690,000 hospitalizations in the United States in 2021, researchers report.

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FRIDAY, May 13, 2022 (HealthDay News) -- While the prevalence of Barrett esophagus (BE) and esophageal cancer (EC) appears to have plateaued in the elderly, it is increasing at a concerning rate in middle-aged patients, according to a study presented at the 2022 Digestive Disease Week, held from May 21 to 24 in San Diego.

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FRIDAY, May 13, 2022 (HealthDay News) -- In the year prior to pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) diagnosis, patients present with gallstone disease six times more often than the general population, according to a study presented at the 2022 Digestive Disease Week, held from May 21 to 24 in San Diego.

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FRIDAY, May 13, 2022 (HealthDay News) -- Use of antibiotics, regardless of class, is associated with an increased risk of older-onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), according to a study presented at the 2022 Digestive Disease Week, held from May 21 to 24 in San Diego.

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FRIDAY, May 13, 2022 (HealthDay News) -- Single-lead electrocardiograms (ECGs) from an Apple watch interpreted by an artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm can identify ejection fraction ≤40 percent, according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the Heart Rhythm Society, held from April 29 to May 1 in San Francisco.

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FRIDAY, May 13, 2022 (HealthDay News) -- A low-burden point-of-care intervention, featuring an electronic health record-enabled smoking module and decision support tools (ELEVATE) is associated with increased reach and effectiveness of smoking cessation treatment, according to a study published in the May issue of the Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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FRIDAY, May 13, 2022 (HealthDay News) -- Among older adults with physical frailty and sarcopenia and a short physical performance battery (SPPB) score of 3 to 7, the incidence of mobility disability is reduced with participation in a multicomponent intervention, according to a study published online May 11 in The BMJ.